The culmination of the Easter season is the coming of the Holy Spirit. The name Pentecost means fifty and the day is fifty days after Easter Day. It was already a Jewish festival, coming fifty days after Passover at the beginning of the Feast of Weeks, one of several Jewish harvest observations. The departure of the Risen Christ leaves the disciples leaderless. ‘But I will not leave you comfortless’ says Jesus. They are to be led by the Spirit (of Jesus).This idea of inward leading has long antecedents. Its manifestations are described in many places in scripture, notably in Isaiah where they are wisdom and understanding, counsel, inward strength, knowledge, true godliness and the fear of the Lord.
The event which inaugurates this new form of religious life is variously described; signs such a flames of fire and a rush of wind are its externals.Its fruits, according to St Paul are love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, gentleness, faithfulness and moderation.